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Uxbridge High School

Memory is the ability to take in information, store it, and recall it at a later time. 

 

There are three main processes involved in human memory: Encoding, Storing and Retrieving.

 

Encoding is defined as the initial learning of information

Storage refers to maintaining information over time

Retrieval is the ability to access information when you need it

 

Why memory retrieval works

 

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Concrete examples
 

When revising, use as many examples as possible, linking the content to each example. 

 

 

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Elaboration
 

This technique involves describing and explaining the content in as many details as possible as well as linking it to other topic areas and personal experiences. One straightforward way of using this technique is to pretend you are a teacher and trying to explain the content to a class. 

 

 

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Dual Coding
 

Using different sources of media to learn. For example, the use of flashcards, diagrams, timelines, infographics, mindmaps, videos, podcasts and colours to help revise.

 

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Interleaving
 

Switch between topics and ideas is a way to use interleaving. Do not always revise in the same order - mix it up!

 

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Retrieval Practice
 

To use retrieval practice, put away your books/notes and write down all you can remember about a topic. Then, check your answers, adding any missed content.

 

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Spaced Practice
 

When revising, make sure you review new and older content. The “sweet spot” of revising is when remembering the content is doable, but effortful.

 

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